Causes of Injuries and Their Treatment!

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injury

We all get hurt now and then either, by playing sports or getting hit by a car. Some injuries cause a lot of pain and bleeding, whist some does not even affect us. Injuries are of two types, internal and external. Internal injuries, or internal bleeding, are those which causes the loss of blood from a blood vessel inside our body, these type of injuries can’t be seen from outside. However, external injuries are quite the opposite of internal injuries, and it also causes bleeding which is visible from outside. Here are some kinds of injuries people face commonly, with their causes and treatments:

Shin Splints

Shin splints occur at the lower part of your leg bone or tibia. Shin splints are very common amongst athletes, as they have a rare and very hectic exercise schedule. The pain of shin splints is usually diagnosed when the sports season comes near, at that time, athletes increase their work out, and they also increase the number of activities performed every day. Shin splints can be treated with regular icing and rest. Running is also preferable with a comfortable pair of shoes, which will make the recovery process faster.

Patellofemoral Syndrome

Sports injuries mostly involve the lower part of your body, because your whole body pressure is exerted on your legs. Patellofemoral Syndrome is also one kind of sports injury that involves knee pains. It can easily occur through tripping off on your knees or through a muscle imbalance. The diagnosis process is quite simple enough, your knee starts swelling, and that also causes a lot of pain. However, sometimes the pain travels to the thigh bone, which makes it difficult to locate the problem. Regular icing and proper rest can heal the swelling and the pain, and with some stretching exercises and gentle massages, the pain will go away quickly. In severe cases, knee taping and bracing techniques are used for further support for your knee.

Concussions

Concussions occur when your head is brutally shaken this sudden jerk in the head causes a brain injury. Concussions should not be taken lightly, as it is a matter of the brain, the person can also go into a coma, or something even worse than that. The most common symptoms of concussions are headaches, dizziness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, blurriness, etc. People who suffer from concussions should avoid their daily life routine for a certain time period. The treatments include proper rest, avoiding mental and physical stress, and a gradual increase in exercise is an ideal treatment.

Whiplash Injury

Whiplash injuries occur when you face a sudden jerk on your neck, either forwards or backward. The common cause of whiplash is a car accident, where your head faces a sudden jerk when a car hits from behind. Recent studies have suggested that this sudden jerk causes an S-shaped cervical spine, which is different from the original position. This sudden motion causes our tissues or ligaments to soften and break. Whiplash injuries are very common and they are also diagnosed very easily, so wherever you are, either you want to have a whiplash injury treatment in Marietta or in New York, you can find a doctor effortlessly. The treatment of whiplash includes icing, gentle exercises, massages, heating, etc. In some cases a cervical collar is used to support your neck.

Shoulder Injury

Shoulder injuries are very common while playing sports. There are many types of shoulder injuries, such as shoulder sprains, strain, muscle tears, rotator cuff tear, frozen shoulder, arthritis, etc. Though some include pains in muscles or bones, whilst some include a physical injury on the shoulder, but the pain is always very killing, and the worst part is that a shoulder injury can’t be operated. Treatment for shoulder injuries are mostly through painkillers and antibiotics, but regular hand motion and icing can also help in reducing the pain. In severe cases, physical therapists are to be consulted for a smoother recovery process.

Hamstring Strain

The hamstring is a type of muscle that is located at the back of your thigh. However, hamstring muscles are tight, and if they are not stretched or pulled, then it can lead to a list of problems. Lack of stretching can cause hamstring strain, but in the case of athletes, poor stretching exercises or techniques can lead to this type of strain. Proper icing and heating techniques are used to treat the hamstring strain, followed by gentle stretching exercises to heal the pain and to prevent another injury.

Sciatica

A type of back pain that further travels through the back of your leg, and even to your feet. The symptoms are very punishing, and these include constant numbness, burning, hip pain, shooting pain, etc. Sciatica is very common amongst cyclists or those people who have a constant routine of staying in a flexed position. The pain can be caused by a swollen bone or a strained nerve in your back. Constant rest, stretching, laying on your stomach, etc. can reduce the pain, but if the pain stays for two weeks, then a consult a physical therapist immediately.

Groin Pull

Groin pull or groin strain are those kinds of injures that are caused because of lack of flexibility or a sudden movement of legs. As groin muscles pull the legs together, in the daily routine, we stretch them and make use of them, but athletes sometimes overuse these muscles, or in some cases, they don’t use at all. A groin pull is easily diagnosed, as the person will have some difficulty moving their legs, and after sometime bruising and tenderness of muscles will also be felt. The recovery includes rest and icing for 3 to 4 days, after 3 days you can use heat as well for faster recovery. In this recovery period, groin stretching and gentle exercise are mandatory.

For any type of injury, consultation, and recommendation of a doctor is compulsory. These tips can only guide you, not treat you. Stay safe, always!

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