Reaching teenage life is quite challenging especially for girls. You are used to be carefree, doing whatever you want without thinking of anything. Suddenly everything changed when you saw one single blood spot in your underwear. There is nothing you need to be scared of. You have to congratulate yourself ! You are now entering womanhood. Here are the best ways to manage your period.
What is Menstruation or Period
When you reach the puberty stage, there will be a lot of changes in your body. It signifies your transition to adulthood. You will experience various developments in your body such as breasts become fuller, and height will increase, you will start seeing pubic hairs in your genital area and armpits, you will begin to produce smells coming from sensitive parts of your body. During this time, menstruation will happen. Typically, this happens when you reach 10 and 13 years old.
Weeks before menstruation you will feel cramps from your abdominal or pelvic, lower back pain, bloating and sore breasts, cravings of food, your mood will shift, headache and sometimes fatigue. Menstruation happens when the ovaries begin to release female hormones estrogen and progesterone then the lining of the uterus or womb will develop. It is where a fertilized egg will attach to the womb. When there is no fertilized egg to the lining that is the time it will bleed. This method will take every month and can last up to 5 days.
When bleeding happens, you will undergo abdominal pain. It can be severe pain especially if you have irregular periods. You will feel weakness for the first day of bleeding. You might have heavy or light bleeding, discomforts and you feel sleepy all the time. But all of these symptoms may differ depending on the person.
Menstruation goes like a clock, and it cycles every after 30 days from the last day you had your menstruation. However, some women are suffering from an irregular period. This was when you missed your cycle, and if that happens, you can no longer handle your mood swings, you will be more emotional before or after your period.
A most common disorder is Dysmenorrhea; it is so painful that you will feel from your abdominal. Premenstrual Syndrome or PMS this is when you will be so emotional that even simple things can make you annoyed or cry. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is somewhat near to PMS, symptoms for this are easily irritability, depression and it is more difficult to handle than PMS. And lastly is AUB (abnormal uterine bleeding) you will have heavy menstrual bleeding or no bleeding at all.
Things to Do During Menstruation
Proper Hygiene During Period.
It is essential that you make yourself clean while you are menstruating. Remember that there will be blood that will come out from your vagina, it can cause bad odor if you will not stay clean. Before menstruation there will be vaginal secretions, it is color white and sticky. It has smell especially if it will stay long on your underwear. So you must use panty liners, put it to your underwear facing to your vagina. It will absorb the liquid and the odor so you will not feel sticky. You can wear it for the whole day that depends on how massive your discharges are.
In a few days, you’ll begin to bleed, and it might start heavy or light menstruation. During this time you must use sanitary pads, tampons or menstrual cups. For sanitary pad it works like the panty liner, it absorbs the blood; however, if you are having heavy bleeding, then you have to make sure to change from time to time. Especially if you are at school, work and other activities that require a lot of your time and effort.
Nowadays we already have a better way to control menstrual bleeding, and it is more convenient less hustle, and it feels light even on heavy menstruation bleeding which is the menstruation cup. It is flexible and funnel-shaped. It can absorb blood up to 12 hours a day. Perfect while you are at school or work. It is reusable compared to pads you don’t have to buy every month just for your menstruation. You need to insert the menstrual cup into your vagina to collect the blood as easy as that.
Medications for Menstrual Complications.
For dysmenorrhea, you can take any pain reliever like hyoscine. You can put a hot compress on top of your belly or at your lower back. It will help to ease the pain, and you can relax until you fell asleep and rest.
To avoid dysmenorrhea, it is better to have daily exercise. Avoid taking foods that have caffeine and salty. Do not drink too much alcohol and soft drinks or any cold beverages. Massaging your lower back and belly will help to ease the pain. If you get so much emotional divert your attention to positive things that can keep you away from irritating things.
Menstruation or period is a natural event of a woman’s body that we can’t avoid. It may give us headache, stress and so much pain but it gives us value as a woman. It makes us feel to be a woman. A teenager like you is about to do great things in the future as a woman to learn to celebrate your monthly period.