Burst eardrum, ruptured or perforated eardrum are commonly used references of the medical condition, Tympanic membrane perforation. It’s a tear on the surface of the eardrum and it can be temporary or persistent. The tear is generally caused by an infection, trauma, or intensive procedures of medical care. The symptoms and implications depending on size, location on the drum surface, and any pathologic condition.
Based on the evidence, infection is identified as the principal cause of tympanic membrane perforation.
The burst eardrum can also occur from blows to the ear and severe atmospheric overpressure. The condition is also present in people who get exposed to excessive water pressure, improper attempts at wax removal or ear cleaning. One interesting fact about perforations is that without infection, it’s not painful but, with infection, they cause drainage and pain in both acute and chronic perforation.
If you are a resident of Delhi – NCR, you can get the best and most advanced treatment for a perforated eardrum. I will add a section on modern, advanced and faster treatment options offered by Pristyn Care in Delhi NCR by the end of the blog. Before that, let’s have a look at the causes and remedies of burst or a perforated eardrum.
The middle ear is at risk with infection in the eardrum!
Otitis media is the most common infections and it mostly affects kids and young infants. But, that doesn’t mean it can not happen to adults. Anyone can develop a middle ear infection but infants between six and 15 months old are highly susceptible to the same. The symptoms of otitis media generally resolve in a few days; the condition is called acute otitis media. They are:
- High fever
- Being sick
- A lack of energy
- Slight or mild hearing loss
When the middle ear gets filled with certain fluids, a patient may experience hearing loss. This is the medical term is known as otitis media with effusion. Moreover, when the eardrum is perforated, it may cause earache by the build-up of fluid stretching the eardrum.
Symptoms of Tympanic Membrane Perforation
A perforated tympanic membrane can cause problems that depend on the size of perforation and location of the same in the eardrum. The perforated eardrum may cause a conductive hearing loss, also, the larger the hole, the major hearing loss and in chronic cases, it may discharge a yellow material from the ear.
A hearing test or an audiogram can easily assess the severity of a hearing loss. If you are a resident of Delhi – NCR, you can manage the burst eardrum or discharge from the ear with the best and modern treatment of eardrum at Pristyn Care Clinic.
In most cases, burst eardrum causes ear infections. See, the reason behind the same is the space beneath the tympanic membrane, it should not get wet from external factors. If water gets into the middle ear or the inner ear is moist, a middle ear infection called otitis media can occur.
It doesn’t mean that tympanic membrane perforations always cause ear infections, in the case of a tiny hole, it doesn’t need to cause an infection. In such cases, water may not be able to flow and very tiny tympanic membrane perforations act similar to permanent ear tubes.
Causes leading to the damaged eardrum
- An instant change in ear pressure during flying, scuba diving, or driving in the mountains
- Very loud noise such as a gunshot close to the ear
- Injury to the ear that can be from a hard slap or explosion
- Inserting swabs, or small objects into the ears to clean them
Middle ear infections occur when an infection such as cold leads to a build-up of mucus in the middle ear. The same can block the passage and mucus can’t drain away as it’s supposed to, acts as a catalyst for an infection to spread into the middle ear.
To know more about the causes of eardrum infection, or the exact reason why you are facing ear pain, you can make an appointment at the modern ENT clinic in Delhi- NCR.
At-home treatment of burst eardrum or perforated eardrum
There are certain measures you can take to reduce the risk of getting a perforated eardrum:
- Ensure your kid is up-to-date with the routine vaccinations
- Avoid smoking and exposing your child to smoky environments (passive smoking)
- Don’t feed your child while they’re lying flat on their back
- If possible, feed your baby with breast milk rather than formula milk
- Avoiding contact of your kid with other sick children
Ear infections necessarily don’t need any specific treatment. A patient can take paracetamol or ibuprofen to relieve pain or high temperature. A precaution, any painkillers are given to a child must be appropriate for their age. Some doctors prescribe antibiotics to treat middle ear infections, but rarely when symptoms are particularly severe.
Modern and advanced treatment of eardrum rupture or perforation
A perforated eardrum is a hole in the eardrum caused by an infection or injury. The hole in the eardrum may heal itself in some time. But, it does not cause any problems. If it causes recurrent infections with a discharge from the ear, or the infection catches polluted water in the ear; the hole may get large and you may experience some hearing loss and pain.
If the hole in the eardrum has only just occurred, you should discuss it with the best ENT specialists at Pristyn Care Clinic in Delhi, Gurgaon, and Noida in NCR. You can change your mind about the treatment at any time and if you would like to have a second opinion about the treatment, you can ask your specialist.